India – Bangalore and Mysore

Bangalore and Mysore, 5 days, India, October 2019

+ The place of Bangalore and Mysore


+ My feelings and historical part

Bangalore: A surprising and multifaceted city. On the one hand it is a modern city but this modernity rubs shoulders with a world still belonging to the past. I wouldn’t speak of dirt or poverty. I rub shoulders with this on every trip to the Philippines and it must be remembered that a very dense population does not facilitate this. Walking through the streets of Bangalore is truly intoxicating. I wouldn’t speak of the incessant sound of horns, which serve a little bit of everything for drivers. I would mainly speak of the smells of the streets, the smells of incense when we walk around. A city to be discovered on foot or by bus, like many cities.
As usual, I did some research on Google, my friend, to see the basics. From there, I try to build a visit, the walk does not scare me. After that, all that remains is to load the route onto my phone, and off I go for a day of walking.
Mysore: A magnificent city to discover with a local driver who will drive you to the various temples as well as to the Mysore Palace. It is a city that I love them. It is not the village of countryside but it remains on a human scale despite its congestion during rush hour. In India, you have to know how to take your troubles patiently. Perhaps the founder of Yoga had a vision of the future and did everything to help his future motorists to put the time spent in traffic jams into perspective …. Smiles …
I had also forgotten about another animal presence in India. You had to remember “The Adventures of Indiana Jones”. The monkeys are very present on the temples, walking on the different buildings, asking for food, for some.
When visiting temples, Saiprasad was of great help as I did not know all the customs. Thanks again to you my friend. He also made me taste many things and he led me to the fountains of lights for the feast of Divali, an important feast since it is the equivalent of our New Year.
Special Thanks:
Thanks to Saiprasad for his kindness and help during this stay in Bangalore and Mysore. Thanks also to Akshatha, her husband and her son for their invitation to Divali, the festival of lights.
Historical part
The toponym Bangalore is the Anglicized version of Bengaḷūru, the name of the city in Kannada. The earliest reference to the name Bengaḷūru is an inscription carved into a 10th century vīra gallu (in Hindi, literally a “hero’s stone” extolling the merits of a warrior). In this inscription found in Begur, Bengaluru is described as the site of a battle that took place in 890.
It was built around a fort built in 1537. It was one of the seats of the British administration from 1831 to 1881, when it was returned to the Maharaja of Mysore. Bangalore is historically a city of military garrison during the British Raj, then preferred to Mysore and Chennai because of its small population.
From the 90s, Bangalore became the most important Indian hub in information technology, with a significant move upmarket. It has become a considerable academic, scientific and economic center. The agglomeration is considered as the Indian “Silicon Valley” and the example of a pole of competence of world importance.
The name Mysore is an anglicized version of Mahishūru which means the abode of Mahisha in Kannada. The common name Mahisha in Sanskrit means buffalo. But in this territorial context however, Mahisha refers to Mahishasura, a mythical demon who could take the form of a human being or a buffalo and who, according to Hindu mythology, ruled the territory that became the kingdom of Mysore. This area was known in Sanskrit as Mahíšhaka or what belongs to Mahishasura.
Mysore was the capital of the Mysore Kingdom for almost six centuries, from 1399 to 1956. The kingdom was ruled by the Wodeyar Dynasty. The Wodeyar were patrons who made significant contributions to the cultural and economic growth of the city and state. This rich culture and the monuments of the city have earned it the nickname of the cultural capital of Karnataka. The kingdom reached its peak of military power and domination in the second half of the 18th century, in the 1760s and 1770s, under the de facto reign of the sultans Haidar Alî and Tipû Sâhib (the Tiger of Mysore), his son, who made demolish parts of Mysore to wipe out the legacies of the Wodeyar dynasty. It was at this time that the kingdom of Mysore came into conflict with the Marathas, the British and the Nizams of Golkonda (India), leading to the four Mysore Wars. After Tipu’s death in the Fourth Mysore War in 1799, the kingdom’s capital moved back from Srirangapatna to Mysore and the kingdom was assigned by the British to their allies in the Fourth Mysore War. The ancient kingdom of Mysore is transformed into a principality under the suzerainty of the British Crown. Former Wodeyar rulers are reinstated as puppet monarchs now called Maharaja.