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Crete, Greece, April 2014

+ The place


+ My feelings and historical part

In Crete, do not be surprised by car when you are passed by another vehicle. A two-lane road can have up to 4 cars abreast, a small peculiarity that can be confusing at first.
If you want to taste good fish in Heraklion, go to the “Kastella”, “Sofokli Venizelou”. The boss will offer you the Raki, and if you’re lucky, the dessert.
The ideal, for Crête, is to go for a tour by sleeping in different places each night. This will allow you to see the difference between the South and the North of the island.
Historical part
On the current territory of Greece, the climate has allowed a good conservation of even very ancient remains, and writing appeared early: the history of the country is therefore very well known, from ancient Greece to present-day Greece in passing through the Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman, independence, monarchy, civil war and colonel dictatorship periods.
Since the 19th century, two schools have clashed for the writing of the history of Greece: that of a continuity of Hellenism between antiquity and the present day, which especially take into account the evolution of the language. , and that of a profound difference between classical Greece and contemporary Greece, introduced through the Byzantine and then Ottoman Empires, whose monotheistic religions are analyzed as a fundamental cultural rupture. Greece is therefore a country steeped in history as evidenced by the many monuments visible in Athens but also throughout the country.
Rhodes suffered the same influence, but it was not always attached to Greece. The Order of Hospitallers settled there for more than 2 centuries from 1307 but had to flee in front of the Turks led by Soliman Le Magnifique in 1522. Italy finally seized the island in 1912. In 1936 , fascism arrived on the island but the life of the Jewish population continued without too many difficulties. It must be said that the Jewish presence was important. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the island, which already had “Romaniote” Jews, welcomed so many Sephardic Jews rejected from Spain that it took the nickname “Little Jerusalem”. With the German capitulation, the island was placed under English protectorate then under Greek sovereignty in 1948.