Dublin, Irland, November 2018
+ The place
+ My feelings and historical part
I didn’t expect to find a city so alive. The city is teeming with people. I was there on November 1st, a famous date for “Halloween”. The traders, bars and restaurants play the game with many decorated windows. The houses are as well decorated.
The architecture is massive and the churches are very simple outside. We must push the doors to discover a grandiose interior. I was also pleasantly surprised by the number of graffiti in the streets.
It’s really a city to discover.
The name “Dublin” is generally considered as originating from the original Gaelic “Dubh Linn” (“the black pond”) which now means “smoke bay”, the name of a basin of a tributary of the Liffey, near which erected the first stronghold of the Irish Vikings, or “Gall Gàidheal”. Doubts exist however about this. In the year 837, Thorgis returned for the second time, this time accompanied by a fleet of one hundred and twenty Viking ships. Sixty of them go up the Boyne River, the other sixty the Liffey River. According to the records of the time, this formidable military force is gathering under his authority. Unknown in his own country, all the stories about his conquests are in Ireland and the British Isles. Upon their arrival in Dublin, his men seized this community of fishermen and farmers and erected a strong fort according to the Scandinavian construction methods, on the hill where is the current castle of Dublin.
The modern names of Dublin refer to this double origin: “the original hamlet” for the Gaelic name, and “the viking village” for the English version. After the invasion of Ireland by the Anglo-Normans (1170/1171), Dublin replaced the hill of Tara as capital of Ireland, the power settling in the castle of Dublin until the independence.
After their victory at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690, the Protestant troops of William of Orange, including 3,000 French Huguenots, installed many of their men in Dublin, to stand out from the controversial Protestants who had colonized Ulster and Munster for a century. The 239 Huguenots in Dublin have a collective burial, “Huguenot House” in the small street of Mansion Row near the park of St Stephen’s Green, created in 1693 in the new Dublin, where are engraved the names of 239 of them, listed in alphabetical order. Their political and cultural domination is facilitated by the exile for France of 20,000 Jacobite soldiers at the time of the Treaty of Limerick, among which is the essential of the Irish Catholic nobility, a large part of which had already been expropriated, in regions of Munster (west-central) and Ulster for a century.
The Easter Uprising in 1916 put the capital in a state of instability, and the Anglo-Irish war, while the Irish civil war left the city in ruins, many of its most beautiful buildings having been destroyed. The State of Ireland has rebuilt a large part of the city’s buildings, but without taking any real initiative to modernize the city; the parliament was moved to the Leinster House. From 1922, following the partition of Ireland, Dublin is the capital of the Irish Free State (1922-1937) and the Republic of Ireland. Dublin was hit several times by attacks related to the Northern Ireland conflict, such as those of 1974. From the 1990s and the Celtic tiger period, the city has undergone many transformations, including the creation of new neighborhoods. Buildings and infrastructure, in the center but also in the periphery, as well as by the arrival of new populations made up of young active persons from Europe and Asia.
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