Mallorca, Spain, September 2018

+ The place


+ My feelings and historical part

Four beautiful days on the island of Mallorca with a very mild temperature, 27°C (80.6°F) where I even bathed in Paguera, south of the island. There is so much to discover and the ideal is to rent a car and go around the island in several days. Many castles, magnificent churches are to be discovered throughout this journey. For this first trip, I traveled the east coast from Cala s’Almonia and going up to Cala Agulla. The roads are beautiful except on the western part very mountainous.
During this walk, I also visited the caves of Hams, which is the subject of a page because a lot of photos with a sound and light show projected on the rock faces, as in the Cathedral of image of Baux-de-Provence. Another cave seems interesting but the prices remain disuasifs. It will be for next time.
Palma de Mallorca is spectacular with its cathedral, the palace and the many houses of the narrow streets. As always, I strolled through the narrow streets to discover the hidden charm of Mallorca, far from the busy shopping streets.
Historical part
Mallorca (Mallorca in Catalan and Castilian), is the largest of the Balearic Islands. It comprises 6 main regions: Serra de Tramuntana (mountains, to the north), Ponent (to the southwest), Raiguer (farmland and vineyards at the foot of the mountain), Pla (center), Migjorn (south-east), Llevant (east) and the city of Palma. Catalan is the official language with Castilian. It was inhabited since the prehistoric period, then by the Romans replaced by the Vandals, the Eastern Roman Empire, the Franks, the Almoravid Moors, then the Almohads, followed by the Catalans. The island was the center of an independent kingdom that existed from 1276 to 1344, the kingdom of Mallorca.
The Catalan name for Mallorca derives from Latin insula maior transformed into Maiorica (big island) as opposed to insula minor become Menorca – Menorca. During the Byzantine period, Christianity flourished and many churches were built. However, from 707 began sea raids led by Muslims from the coast of North Africa. These attacks continued until, finally, in the year 903, Majorca falls under the domination of the Umayyad emir of Spain. For a short time, the Muslims were driven out of the island but the acts of piracy resumed. The expedition to the conquest of Mallorca, comprising 15,000 men and 1,500 horses, left Salou, Catalonia, landed in Santa Ponça and defeated the Muslim army at the Battle of Portopí in September 1229. In December, Palma was taken and its inhabitants passed over the sword. The large number of corpses also had the effect of provoking an epidemic which decimated the army of the victors. The restocking of the island was carried out mainly by Spaniards, but also by a large number of French coming from Languedoc.
In his will, James I planned to divide his estates by the creation of the kingdom of Mallorca, vassal of the kingdom of Aragon and including the Balearic Islands, Roussillon, Cerdagne, the lordship of Montpellier, the viscount of Carlades and the barony of Omelas. At his death, his son Jacques took the name of James II of Majorca and assumed power under a charter called Carta de les Franqueses. However, until his death in 1404, his daughter Isabelle, who had taken refuge in France at the Château de Gallargues, near Montpellier, which had been ceded to her by King Charles VI, continued to claim the title of Queen of Mallorca. Mallorca then shared the fate of the Kingdom of Aragon, later integrated into the Kingdom of Spain.
Majorca has three mountain ranges and the cultural landscape of Serra de Tramuntana is UNESCO World Heritage since 2011. While in many minds, Mallorca remains synonymous with uncontrolled tourism, inspired by the sea and driven by mass urbanization ( “Balearic”), the island and Mallorcan life offer many aspects that contradict this vision: preserved agricultural villages, various traces of past cultures, art and culture, walking and hiking in the mountainous areas (GR 221 or “dry stone road”), gastronomy.
“Palma” ou “Palma de Majorque” in french, “Palma” ou “Palma de Mallorca” en catalan et en castillan, is officially named Palma since 2016 (Palma de Mallorca from 2012 to 2016) 2), is the main city of the island of Mallorca and the capital of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands, Spain. It is in itself one of the comarques of the island. Founded in 123 BC BC, south of the island of Mallorca and the bottom of the bay to which it gives the name, it was a strategic port in the Mediterranean (off Valencia, halfway between Europe and Africa) which heightened the greed of a large number of peoples. The city is locally nicknamed La Ciutat (“city”;) according to its medieval appellation.


+ Linked pages

   • Hams Caves: A beautiful cave sublimated with colorful lighting.
   • Special: Unusual photos, as I like to find.