Santiago de Compostela

Santiago, Spain, January and February 2019

+ The place


+ My feelings, historical part and pilgrimage

A very beautiful city with a very eclectic population because of many pilgrims present in the city. This city is really very beautiful but I really only visited a small part because there is so much to see. The monuments are numerous and the parks decorated with statues where many people to walk there.
Among these monuments, the cathedral is really grandiose. Its immensity from the outside is difficult to estimate but the interior unveils its grandeur. Unfortunately, in renovation, only a part is left to visit.
Go ahead and if you have the soul of a pilgrim, walk otherwise, do like me, fly, it’s still faster …
Historical part
The very site of the city would have been a Druidic place of worship. The Romans established a mausoleum there. It is assumed that a city existed and that its name was Asseconia. It was certainly Christianized from the Ist to the IIIrd century and then forgotten, following the persecutions of Christians. Very early, in the years 785, St. James is already presented as the savior of Christian orthodoxy and the Patron of Spain by the monk Beatus de Liebana, a refugee in the mountains of Asturias: “Resplendent Head of Spain, our protector and patron of our country “. And from the end of the VIII century circulates in Christian circles a poem that gives St. James as patron saint to the suffering Spain: Saint Jacques Matamore, the “killer of the Moors”.
Although Saint-Jacques de Composelle was not conquered by the Moors, it was taken and looted in 997 by Muhammad ibn Abi Amir al-Mansour, al-Manzor in Spanish, which means “the victorious” in Arabic. This warlord of the Caliph of Cordoba Hicham II, before setting the basilica on fire, had the gates and the bells torn off, which Christian captives had to transport to Cordova, where they were stored in the great mosque. Only the tomb of the apostle James the Greater, companion of Jesus Christ, was not touched. The consternation was great in Christendom. The powerful order of Cluny organized the relief throughout the Christian West. The event was to have a lasting effect on the imagination: it is these same bells that other prisoners, this time Moslems, will transport to Toledo, to the capture of Cordoba by Ferdinand III, king of Castile and Leon, in 1236.
Calixtus II made of Santiago de Compostela (of which his brother Raymond of Burgundy is King), a holy city of the same order as Jerusalem and Rome. He built with his brother the cathedral. It arouses the writing of the Codex Calixtinus to ensure the devotion to the Apostle of Christ, St James the Major, who came to evangelize the Roman Empire to Santiago de Compostela, in the first century and whose holy relics will rest in the new cathedral. He promotes the pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela throughout Europe.
Santiago, in its medieval wall, as Aimery Picaud saw it and as it remained for centuries, had the shape of a heart slightly inclined towards the west. Although there are very few remains of its walls, its circular profile remains perfectly drawn. It can be followed from the Puerta del Camino or Porte de France, where the Calvary known as “Homo Santo”.
The city rises between two rivers, the Sar is in the East, between the mount of Joy and the city, and the Sarela to the West. It has seven doors or entrances. The first is called Porte de France; the second door of the Peña; the third, the door Below the brothers; the fourth door of St. Pelerin; the fifth, carries Fougeraies which leads to the “Petronus”; the sixth door of “Susannis”; the seventh, carries “Macerelli” by which the precious liquor of Bacchus enters the city.
The pilgrimage
The pilgrimage of Santiago de Compostela or Pilgrimage of Compostela is a Catholic pilgrimage whose purpose is to reach the tomb attributed to the apostle Saint James the Greater, located in the crypt of the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela -Compostelle in Galicia (Spain). It is “a path strewn with many demonstrations of fervor, penance, hospitality, art and culture, which speak to us in an eloquent way of the spiritual roots of the Old Continent”. The Compostela Routes, which correspond to several routes in Spain and France, were declared in 1987 as the “First Cultural Route” by the Council of Europe. Since 2013, the Compostela Way has attracted more than 200,000 pilgrims each year, with a growth rate of more than 10% per year. These pilgrims come from many countries including the most distant: the United States, South Korea, Brazil, Poland.


+ Linked pages

   • Inside Cathedral: The beauty of this cathedral in honor of Saint Jacques.
   • The Night: I still love nighttime photos even if I’m not happy with them.
   • Special: Mainly fresco murals and some unusual photos.