Syracusa and Ortigia Island, Sicilia, July 2021

Syracusa and Ortigia Island, Sicilia, July 2021
Syracusa is a peaceful little town. Beautiful churches, few beaches, but I discovered a pleasant restaurant, Zen & Jonico, with a terrace and the possibility of swimming. You have to pay to access the terrace but it is worth the detour, far from the busy beaches.
Ortygia Island has many monuments and churches. Strolling through its narrow and old streets is a marvel of discovery, not only for its churches but also for the atmosphere that reigns there. There you will discover dilapidated and beautiful buildings, forcing your eyes to stop to look. These narrow streets will prevent you from engraving these images for eternity, only your memory will allow you to keep their traces there. Only inconvenience, the small cars, noisy aui remove the charm for a few minutes, too bad they are not electric …

 

Syracusa was founded in the 8th century BC by Greek colonists from Corinth. The city developed rapidly thanks to the rich plains of the region and became one of the most brilliant Greek colonies in the West. Essentially agricultural, the city also develops its crafts (ceramics, metallurgy, woolen) and its trade thanks to its port and its harbor (especially from the 7th century).
A democratic regime is installed for sixty years in Syracuse, relying in particular on petalism. Rhetoric broke out with Corax and Tisias. Sophron creates mime from popular subjects. This puts an end to many years under dictatorship (Gelon, Hieron I, Thrasybule). After 2 Punic Wars, the Roman period begins. Rome made Sicily a province, and Syracuse its capital, seat of the praetor. After various Saracen plunderings, the Normans take the city. The city was destroyed by the earthquakes of 1542 and then 1693. After the last earthquake, the city experienced a renaissance of its architecture.
Ortygia Island (Italian: Ortigia; Greek: Ὀρτυγία) is a small island which is the historical centre of the city of Syracuse, Sicily. The island, also known as the Città Vecchia (Old City), contains many historical landmarks. The name originates from the ancient Greek ortyx (ὄρτυξ), which means “Quail”.
Dans la mythologie grecque, c’est sur l’îlot d’Ortygie que la nymphe Aréthuse vient se réfugier et se change en source après avoir été poursuivie par le dieu-fleuve Alphée qui en était amoureux.
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