Avignon, France, November 2021

Avignon, France, November 2021
An afternoon in Avignon with my friend Alain to take some pictures on the Île de la Barthelasse. This island bordered on both sides by the Rhône. The Palais des Papes is clearly visible there as well as the Pont d’Avignon (Pont Saint-Bénézet). We had no luck since the Tour de la Campane is hidden by scaffolding due to the renovation of the Palace.
Then, we crossed the 2nd arm of the Rhône to pass in front of the Tour Philippe-le-Bel and get to Fort Saint-André. A fort really well preserved and worth a little detour. The town of Villeneuve-Lès-Avignon is also full of old stones.
Due to the uncertain weather, we were not surveyed the streets of Avignon and the Palais des Papes. However, I advise you to stroll there when the weather is nice.


The name of the city dates back to around the 6th century BC. J.-C. The name of the inhabitants were Avenionsios (Latin) or Auenionitès (Greek), This toponym has two interpretations: “city of the violent wind” or even more probably “lord of the river”. Other sources trace its origin to the cute Gallic (swamp) and the definite Celtic article.
Fortified on its rock, the city was Cavare, Roman. It was plundered, attacked many times over the centuries. In 1309, under Pope Clement V, the time of the Council of Vienna, Avignon became a pontifical residence. In 1791, the National Constituent Assembly voted to annex Avignon and reunite Comtat Venaissin with the kingdom of France.
The Palace of the Popes in Avignon is the largest of the Gothic constructions of the Middle Ages. The palace lost all its former splendor during the Great Western Schism, two antipopes stayed there during this troubled period.
The construction of the Philippe-le-Bel Tower was decided by Philippe le Bel, in 1290, to protect this strategic point on the border of the kingdom marked by the Rhône. Construction of the Fort began under John II the Good. Fort Saint-André is made up of a fortified enclosure, flanked by towers and a monumental gate framed by two twin towers, from the top of which we have a panoramic view of Avignon, the Rhone valley, Mont Ventoux, the Alpilles and the city of Villeneuve-lès-Avignon.
The pictures
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