Mysore, India, October 2019
A beautiful city to discover with a local driver who will drive you to different temples and the Palace of Mysore. It’s a city like I love them. This is not the market town but it remains human despite its congestion during rush hour. In India, you have to be patient. Perhaps the founder of Yoga had a vision of the future and made every effort to help his future motorists to relativize the time spent in traffic jams…. Smiles…
Small reminder, the cow is sacred in India. Those who are not attached can walk where they want to leave even to cause traffic jams, even accidents. Finally, a presence, recalled by Indiano Jones, the monkeys in the temples.
The name Mysore is an anglicized version of Mahishūru which means the home of Mahisha in Kannada. The common name Mahisha in Sanskrit means buffalo. But in this territorial context, however, Mahisha refers to Mahishasura, a mythical demon who could take the form of a human being or a buffalo and who, according to Hindu mythology, ruled the territory that became the kingdom of Mysore. This area was known in Sanskrit as Mahíšhaka or what belongs to Mahishasura.
Mysore was the capital of the kingdom of Mysore for nearly six centuries, from 1399 to 1956. The kingdom was ruled by the Wodeyar Dynasty. The Wodeyars were patrons who contributed significantly to the cultural and economic growth of the city and the state. This rich culture and the monuments of the city have earned it the nickname of cultural capital of Karnataka. The kingdom reached its peak of military power and domination in the second half of the eighteenth century, in the years 1760 and 1770, under the de facto reign of sultans Haidar Ali and Tipu Sâhib (the Mysore Tiger), his son, who demolish parts of Mysore to remove the legacies of the Wodeyar dynasty. It was at this time that the kingdom of Mysore came into conflict with the Marathi, the British and the Nizam of Golkonda (India), leading to the four Mysore Wars. After Tipu’s death in the fourth Mysore war in 1799, the kingdom’s capital passed from Srirangapatna to Mysore and the kingdom was awarded by the British to their allies in the fourth war of Mysore. The ancient kingdom of Mysore is transformed into a principality under the suzerainty of the British Crown. Former Wodeyar rulers are reinstated as puppet monarchs now known as Maharaja.
Thanks to Saiprasad for having accompanied me to this city.
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